By / bintoromover
International Environmental Agreements India
Antartica is a “nature reserve dedicated to peace and science”, in accordance with the Antarctic Treaty system. A profound fact of environmental protection and conservation is that the impact of human-caused processes on the environment must be measured and the performance of processes assessed, policies must be developed on this basis and integrated into development processes, and that the practice and implementation of these policies must be appropriate. Most international environmental agreements aim at these objectives, so there is a process and discipline in the management and regulation of our natural environment. For this procedure to take shape, an organization is necessary not only at the local or national level, but also at the international level, the agreement concluded between many parties also requires the agreement of each signatory. This is important because adverse effects on the environment cannot be considered in such a way as to affect a nation or people in isolation. They are vast to influence the Earth in complex ways. International environmental law has undergone extraordinary changes in recent decades since the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. Since then, there are many legal documents on how man treats the natural environment and the protection of the environment. These international legal documents exist in many countries, in addition to many national regulations. The UNFCCC aims to regulate greenhouse gas emissions through international cooperation and agreement to reduce emissions to levels that can offset the effects of global warming and climate change. India became a member of the Convention in 1992 and ratified it in 1993. As a developing country (in accordance with the UNFCCC at the time), India was not bound by obligations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, this changed with the 2015 Paris Agreement, under which India committed to participate in multilateral negotiations under the UNFCCC.
In this regard, India has played a leading role in the development of the policy framework, including the National Environmental Policy (NEP) and the National Climate Change Action Plan (NAPCC). In India, following the Stockholm Conference of 1976, the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution was introduced, in which constitutional sanctions were imposed on environmental concerns in accordance with Articles 48-A and 51-A(g).